In 2010-2011 NACTS conducted a multi-state survey on binational human trafficking legislation, law enforcement agency initiatives, and additional, community-level efforts.
Human trafficking is an exploitation‐based crime that is distinct from human smuggling, which involves transporting people who have given their consent to be moved. A growing global awareness of this problem during the 1990s culminated in the Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish the Trafficking in Persons Especially Women and Children, Supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime of 2000.
Human trafficking is an exceedingly difficult crime to define, detect, prosecute, prevent and quantify. The precise quantification of and data collection with respect to the human trafficking problem is an additional ongoing global challenge. Trafficking estimates for the U.S. and Mexico vary widely but are generally estimated to be in the tens of thousands annually.
The report contains an executive summary and sections on background, current legislation, jurisdictional issues and key conclusions and recommendations. Draft versions of the executive summary and full report are available in English and Spanish under Project Resources to the right on this page.
Partners for the project include U.S.-Mexico State Alliance Partnership, Conference on Western Attorneys General, Council for State Governments-WEST, Border Governors Conference, Border Legislative Conference, USAID Mexico, U.S. Department of Justice, and other key agencies and organizations.